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Equal opportunitiesEqual opportunities must be included for every job, it is the law. Equal opportunities, means allowing everyone to have the same choices for jobs no matter of race or sex.

Equal pay is a great to help let anyone have the chance to get a certain amount of pay. pay rewards need to be fair and the rate of pay that has been set is necessary to attract and keep employees. There are regulations that help keep these fair. The equal pay act (introduced in 1970) had created an equality clause which guarantees both sexes the same rate of pay when doing the same kinds of work, or the work they have done have been graded as similiar or equivalent. The clause doesn't operate if the employer can give a reason that the sexes should be given different pay. It is illegal for a job to offer one gender a higher pay rate than the other.

Minimum wages can change each year and most citizens have a right to a minimum wage known as the 'national minimum wage' the minimum wage is set by the government each year. The minimum wage amount stays the same regardless of the work you must do. The national minimum wage act (introduced in 1998) states that the minimum wage is a legal right that covers all employees over the school age. the minimum wage for those over the age of 21 is £6.08 and those aged between 18 and 20 get paid £4.98, while those under the age of 18 but over 16 can get paid £3.68. For apprentices under 19 ,or in their first year over 19 the pay is £2.60.

Discrimination refers to times when an employer treats one employee worse than the others. It is illegal to discriminate because of:
  • Gender
  • Marital status
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual orientation
  • Disability
  • Race
  • Colour
  • Ethnic background
  • Nationality
  • Religion or Belief
  • Age
There are two types of discrimination: direct discrimination; which is when one employee is treated differently by others, the other is indirect discrimination which is when the employer has a policy that gives a particular group of people some disadvantages. The sex discrimination act (1975) made sure that in terms of recruitment an organisation should never recruit based on gender, marital status or sexual orientation or offer less favourable terms on the basis of gender.